Document Type



Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence


Applied mathematics, Probability, Business and Management.

Publication Details

IAENG International Journal of Applied Mathematics, vol: 40, issue: 3, pages: 130 - 158


Most Financial modelling system rely on an underlying hypothesis known as the Eficient Market Hypothesi (EMH) including the famous BlackScholes formula for placing an option. However, the EMH has a fundamental flaw: it is based on the assumption that economic processes are normally distributed and it has long been known that this is not the case. This fundamental assumption leads to a number of shortcomings associated with using the EMH to analyse financial data which includes failure to predict the future volatility of a market share value. This paper introduces a new financial risk assessment model based on Levy statistics and considers a financial forecasting system that uses a solution to a non-stationary fractional diusion equation characterized by the Levy index. Variation in the Levy index are considered in order to assess the future volatility of financial data together with the likelihood of the markets become bear or bull dominant thereby providing a solution to securing an investment portfolio. The key hypothesis associated with this approach is that a change in the Levy index precedes a change in the financial signal from which the index is computed and can therefore be It is shown that there is a quantitative relationship between Levy's characteristic function and a random scaling fractal signal obtained through a Green's function solution to the fractional diffusion equation. In this sense, the model considered is based on the Fractal Market Hypothesis and a case study is presented to illustrate this hypothesis by predicting the volatility associated with the foreign exchange markets.