Document Type

Conference Paper


Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence


Electrical and electronic engineering

Publication Details

In IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, Honolulu, 9-15 June, 2007, pp.3185-3188. ISBN: 978-1-4244-0877-1 Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/APS.2007.4396213 Available from


In order to minimize exposure to human tissue, electromagnetic interaction with antennas has benefited from a lot of research since hand-held communication transceivers became widely used consumer products. On the other hand, medical applications have been exploiting the ISM (industrial scientific and medical standard) 434 MHz frequency band for therapeutic applications such as hyperthermia. Various antennas have been used in hyperthermia applicators but advanced designs depend on improved knowledge of the radiated antenna modes and interacting influence of human tissue. As a preliminary step towards analyzing antennas interacting with tissues in the near- and far-fields, this study reports on the coupling mechanism of a half-wavelength dipole at 434 MHz. This will provide an experimental method for researching more suitable and efficient antennas for medical applications.



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