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2. ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
High sensitivity volatile organic compounds (VOCs) sensors based on a tapered small core single mode fiber (TSCSMF) and a microfiber coupler (MFC) are reported. The TSCSMF had a waist diameter of ~5.1 μm and the MFC had a waist diameter of ~1.9 μm each and both were fabricated using a customized microheater brushing technique. Silica based materials containing immobilized Nile red prepared by sol-gel method with two different recipes (recipe I and recipe II) are investigated. Initially recipe I based coating materials were applied to the surfaces of the TSCSMF and MFC. The experimental results show that the sensor based on an MFC shows much better sensitivities of -0.130 nm/ppm and -0.036 nm/ppm to ethanol and methanol than those of the TSCSMF based sensor. The corresponding minimum detectable concentration change of the MFC based sensor are calculated to be ~77 ppb and ~281 ppb to ethanol and methanol respectively. Both sensors are demonstrated fast response times of less than 5 minutes, while the recovery times varied from 7 minutes to 12 minutes. In addition, another TSCSMF based sample (~7.0 μm) coated with a mixed layer of sol silica and Nile red prepared by recipe II was fabricated to achieve simultaneous measurement of ethanol and methanol, employing a second-order matrix approach.
Wu, Q. et al. (2018) High Sensitivity Optical Fiber Sensors for Simultaneous Measurement of Methanol and Ethanol, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical Vol. 271, 15 October 2018, Pages 1-8. doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2018.05.106