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The characteristic vertical response of flexible footbridges subjected to single pedestrian and crowd loading is examined in this paper. Typically, bridge vibrations produced from a crowd of pedestrians are estimated by using an enhancement factor applied to the effect caused by a single pedestrian. In this paper a moving force model is used in Monte Carlo simulations of a non-homogeneous sample of single pedestrians and crowds to estimate characteristic vertical vibration levels. Also in this work, statistical distributions of the bridge parameters are considered, these include flexural rigidity, mass and rotational stiffness at the supports. It was previously proven by the authors that the statistical range of pedestrian parameters, most notably the pacing frequency, has a significant effect on the bridge deck vibration. In this paper, probability of failure is calculated for ranges of pedestrian and bridge input parameters and it is found that the addition of statistical ranges for bridge parameters has only a small effect on the vertical acceleration response of the bridge deck. It reduced the probability of serviceability failure for a bridge with a natural frequency of 1.96 Hz and 2.2 Hz subjected to the loading of a characteristic single pedestrian.
Keogh, J., Caprani, C., Archbold, P., Fannint, P.:Reliability Analysis of Footbridge Serviceability Considering Crowd Loading. IABMAS:6th International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management,Stresa, Lake Maggiore, Italy, on July 8-12, 2012.