Document Type

Conference Paper


Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence


Civil engineering, Thermodynamics, Materials engineering

Publication Details

39th Cement and Concrete Science Conference, University of Bath, September 2019


Hydration models can aid in the prediction, understanding and description of hydration behaviour over time as the move towards more sustainable cements continues.

HYDCEM is a new model to predict the phase assemblage, degree of hydration and heat release over time for cements undergoing hydration for any w/c ratio and curing temperatures up to 450C. HYDCEM, written in MATLAB, complements more sophisticated thermodynamic models by predicting these properties over time using user-friendly inputs within one code. A number of functions and methods based on up to date cement hydration behaviour from the literature are hard-wired into the code along with user-changeable inputs including w/c ratio, curing temperature, chemical compositions, densities and enthalpies. Predictions of hydration product volumes from the silicate, aluminate and ferrite phases can be determined, including C-S-H, calcium hydroxide, hydrogarnet (if applicable) ettringite and monosulfate. A number of comparisons have been made with published phase assemblages using thermodynamic models and HYDCEM predictions to assess its accuracy and usefulness.

This paper presents simulations of cement hydration and microstructure development with and without the additional of ground limestone using the HYDCEM model, both in terms of monocarbonate growth at the expense of monosulfate and ettringite. Comparisons with published phase assemblages show good agreement in terms of volumetric growth and behaviour.