Document Type



Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence


Architecture engineering, Construction engineering

Publication Details

Report prepared for Dublin Institute of Technology, 2016.


The production of bills of quantities as a means of obtaining tenders has traditionally been viewed as a primary function of the quantity surveying profession.

This study investigates the function and format of bills of quantities in the Irish context. It explains the nature of bills, how they are compiled, and identifies the situations in which they may be used. The primary functions of the bill as a means of obtaining tenders and its status as a contract document are explored. The study also addresses particular aspects of the bill which may aid the effective management of construction projects for the employer, design team and contractor. It examines the perceived advantages of producing bills and reviews various criticisms directed at their use. The study sets out the contents of bills and describes the most common formats in which they are presented in the Republic of Ireland.

This study is primarily addressed to Irish students undertaking undergraduate and conversion masters courses in quantity surveying and construction management disciplines. The information and discussion aims to enable readers to appraise the need for, and usefulness of, bills in their daily practise.