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2.2 ELECTRICAL, ELECTRONIC, INFORMATION ENGINEERING
The authors present the design of a tunable 433 MHz antenna that is tailored for wearable wireless sensor applications. This study first presents a detailed analysis of the measured impedance characteristics of a chosen antenna under test (AUT) in varying proximity to a human test subject. Instead of limiting the analysis to the head and hand only, this analysis measures the AUT impedance at varying distances from 11 different body positions. A novel antenna equivalent circuit model is then developed that enables both the free-space and total on-body AUT impedance variation to be rapidly computed using a circuit simulator instead of the requirement for computationally intensive finite-element methods for example. The design and characterisation of a tunable matching network that enables AUT impedance matching for 11 different positions on the human body is then outlined. Finally, a fully-autonomous 433 MHz tunable antenna is demonstrated. The antenna occupies a small printed circuit board area of 51 × 28 mm and is printed on standard FR-4 material with the tuner completely integrated into the antenna itself. Prototype measurements show an improvement of 3.9 dB in power delivery to the antenna for a load voltage standing wave ratio of 17:1, with a maximum matching loss of 0.84 dB and S11 (−10 dB) ≥ 18 MHz for all load conditions.
Buckley, J.L., McCarthy, K.G., Gaetano, D., Loizou, L., O'Flynn, B. and O'Mathuna, C. (2017), Design of a compact, fully-autonomous 433 MHz tunable antenna for wearable wireless sensor applications. IET Microw. Antennas Propag., 11: 548-556. DOI: 10.1049/iet-map.2015.0712