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Refined optimization of complex curve–linear-shaped radiators, such as traveling-wave Vivaldi antennas, can be achieved by considering simulated near fields to interpret in detail the structural influences of a design. The relationships between the space and time distributions of electromagnetic (EM) energy clusters and the geometric features are revealed with appropriate use of impulse response analysis combined with the multiple signal classification (MUSIC) algorithm. This article reports a deeper approach when applied to the adjustment of the geometric features of a traveling-wave antenna based on an analysis of near-field propagation features.
H. Hoang, M. John, P. McEvoy and M. J. Ammann, "Near-Field Propagation Analysis for Vivaldi Antenna Design: Insight into the propagation process for optimizing the directivity, integrity of signal transmission, and efficiency," in IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 46-60, Oct. 2021, doi: 10.1109/MAP.2020.3003217.
Science Foundation Ireland (SFI); European Regional Development Fund