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This study is part of the project (Ref. No.: 539628-LLP-1-2013-1-NL-ERASMUS-EIGF) entitled: Governance and Adaptation to Innovative Modes of Higher Education Provision (GAIHE), funded by the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA) through the Lifelong Learning Programme. This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained herein.


Higher education around the world is undergoing significant change. Globalisation and competition from new modes of provision have sparked a strong debate about how to maintain the efficiency and effectiveness of higher education. These developments challenge the “traditional” model of university education and its future. How does the management of European universities adapt to these innovations? What are the new modes of education provision across Europe? What is the role of university governance and government policy in establishing and regulating innovative modes of education provision? What are the motivations, barriers and drivers for innovative education provision?

The definition of innovation used for this project is derived from the OECD’s Oslo Manual, in which innovation is an implemented change with an increased added value. This concept comes from an understanding of innovation from economics that regards knowledge and technology as being responsible for growth, rather than a neoclassical view of growth flowing from capital and labour. In the context of this project, the place of innovation as an intersection between knowledge and technology is especially appropriate.




European Commission