Document Type

Book Chapter


This item is available under a Creative Commons License for non-commercial use only

Publication Details

Chapter in Early Childhood Education and Care. An Introduction for Students in Ireland, pp. 214-228

Editors: Máire Mhic Mhathúna and Mark Taylor

Publishers: Gill and Macmillan, Dublin.


This chapter describes how children acquire their first language in the early years. Some children also acquire a second language in early years setting and the processes and adult supports that assist them are described. These include dynamic scaffolding and environmental supports. The main theories of first and second language acquisition are reviewed and the importance of supportive facilitation by nurturing adults is emphasised.