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Journalism, Media and socio-cultural communication
Newspaper developed in Ireland as a political press, with each publication clearly identified with particular political groupings. However, for reasons of economics journalism itself developed a professional paradign, that stressed impartiality, so allowing journalists to move from publication to publication regardless of the politics or religion of the journalist. Newspapers and journalists also helped develop a civil society that contributed to the eventual democratic nature of the Irish state, following independence.
Foley, M.: How Journalism Became a Profession. In Irish Journalism Before Independence, Rafter, Kevin, (ed), (2011) Manchester University Press.